An unusual variation in the termination of facial artery in south Indian population: A human cadaveric case report

Case Report

Author Details : Aniketh Prabhu, David Varghese Samuel, Vimal Balakrishnan, Priyanka Daniel*

Volume : 8, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 156-158

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The facial artery is an important artery of the face, prone to many variations. Identification of these variations is of utmost importance in clinical practice, especially rhinoplastic and orofacial surgeries and also super selective chemotherapy procedures. In this case report, we report a bilateral facial artery variation encountered in a male cadaver during routine dissection. Instead of terminating as the angular artery, the facial artery terminated as the superior labial artery, giving the lateral nasal artery as a smaller branch, much closer to the midline than normal. A prominent pre-masseteric branch was noticed along with smaller branches from the infraorbital artery which offered possible compensation for the short facial artery. The case reported is a type II variation according to Bayram classification, and a type C variation as per Loukas classification. This variation is very rare and should be kept in mind while performing any surgical procedures of the face.

Keywords: Facial artery variation, Pre-masseteric artery, Superior labial artery, Facial surgeries, Facial flaps.

How to cite : Prabhu A, Samuel D V, Balakrishnan V, Daniel P, An unusual variation in the termination of facial artery in south Indian population: A human cadaveric case report. Indian J Clin Anat Physiol 2021;8(2):156-158

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Indian J Clin Anat Physiol. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (

Article History

Received : 26-04-2021

Accepted : 12-05-2021

Available online : 06-07-2021

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